Dating royal copenhagen faience
It is possible to date pieces from Bing & Grondahl porcelain looking at the factory mark at the base.
B & G, Bing & Grondahl refer to the founders: Fred. Grøndahl (1819-1856), technical director; the brothers M.
Postplate 1909Carl Christian Oluf Jensen (1871-1934) Painter. Educated at Royal Copenhagen as a blue painer 1885. Signed works in Crackle Hans Christian Joachim (1870 -1943) Painter and ceramic artist.
Christmas Plates 1911, 1917, 1918, 1919, 1921, 1923, 1925, 1929, 19. Aluminia 1901 where he became Artistic director 1911.
It is recognized by its factory mark, the three wavy lines above each other, symbolizing Denmark’s three seas: Kattegat, Nordsøen and Skagerrak.
May 1775 it was decided that the trademark/brand/factory stamp should consist of three wavy lines (waves), symbolizing the three waterways through Denmark; the Sound and the two belts (the Sound (Oresund)), the Great Belt and the Little Belt).
The trademark has been used with little variations ever since the founding and every single piece of porcelain produced by Royal Copenhagen has been stamped with the three waves.
The first pieces manufactured were dining services for the royal family.
When, in 1779, King Christian VII assumed financial responsibility, the manufactory was styled the Royal Porcelain Factory.